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Regulations for VMPs in Spain: What Electric Scooter Owners Should Know for 2024
Spain has seen a surge in the popularity of electric scooters, also known as Personal Mobility Vehicles (VMP). These convenient means of transportation have become a common sight in various cities across the country. With their growing use, concerns about safety and regulation have arisen, prompting the Directorate General of Traffic (DGT) in Spain to introduce new regulations that will take effect in January 2024. In this article, we will explore the key aspects of these regulations and what you need to be aware of.
What is a VMP:
Definition of Personal Mobility Vehicle (VMP)
"A vehicle with one or more wheels, designed for a single person and powered exclusively by electric motors that can provide the vehicle with a maximum design speed ranging from 6 to 25 km/h. They can only be equipped with a seat or saddle if they have a self-balancing system."
Starting from January 22, 2024, all-electric scooters sold in Spain must undergo a series of technical tests conducted by an authorized laboratory to obtain the VMP certificate, in accordance with the technical specifications manual issued by the DGT.
Moratorium for VMPs sold prior to 2024:
All VMPs sold before January 22, 2024, will have a 3-year moratorium, meaning they can legally circulate without the VMP certificate until January 22, 2027, as long as they are limited to 25 km/h and do not have a seat.
Electric scooters in Spain will be subject to speed limits. The maximum allowed speed will be set at 25 kilometres per hour. This speed restriction aims to enhance safety on the roads and reduce the risk of accidents.
Mandatory Safety Equipment:
To further promote safety, the new regulations require the use of safety equipment. All electric scooter riders must wear a helmet, regardless of their age; however, this requirement will ultimately be regulated by each municipality. In addition, riders are encouraged to use protective gear such as knee and elbow pads. Furthermore, we recommend acquiring one of our Fireproof Safety Bags ICe, which will provide additional safety in the event of battery failure and explosions, both for you and your loved ones. Our Fireproof Safety Bags ICe are available in two sizes, and you can find them on this page.
Prohibited Areas and Parking:
Electric scooters will be prohibited in certain areas, such as sidewalks, pedestrian zones, tunnels, and interurban roads. Scooters must be parked in designated areas, and indiscriminate parking may be subject to fines depending on the municipality. The goal is to minimize disruptions to pedestrian traffic.
Owners of electric scooters are not required to have liability insurance for their vehicles. However, this is something we recommend having, as minimal insurance will help cover possible damage or injuries to third parties caused by the scooter in case of accidents. Complying with this requirement, as we advise, is advisable to minimize liabilities. We also recommend acquiring one of our Fireproof Safety Bags ICe, which we believe will be essential for any electric scooter owner. You can find our Fireproof Safety Bags ICe on this page.
Zero Blood Alcohol Content:
Similar to rules for motor vehicle drivers, electric scooter users will be subject to a zero blood alcohol content requirement. Riding an electric scooter under the influence of alcohol or drugs will result in fines ranging from 500 to 1,000 euros.
Enforcement and Penalties:
Law enforcement agencies will actively monitor compliance with the new regulations. Violations of the rules may lead to fines, scooter registration revocation, or other legal consequences. It is crucial for electric scooter owners to be aware of and adhere to the regulations to avoid penalties.
The new VMP regulations set forth by Spain's DGT, which will come into effect on January 22, 2024, aim to improve safety and responsibility in the use of electric scooters in the country. These regulations introduce essential measures such as the VMP certificate, age restrictions based on municipalities, speed limits, safety equipment requirements, and more. Owners and riders of electric scooters should become familiar with these rules to ensure their own safety and legal compliance. As electric scooters continue to gain popularity as a sustainable means of transportation, responsible and safe use becomes essential for harmonious coexistence with other road users and pedestrians.
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